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When can we use ‘afflicted with’ and ‘afflicted by’ in a sentence?

Both the expressions are used interchangeably.
However, “by” is used when the agent is temporary while “with” is used to denote a chronic agent.

For example, Mona skipped class today as she is afflicted by the flu.
(Flu is a temporary agent).

The beggar is afflicted with leprosy.
(Though leprosy is curable but the treatment takes a lot of time. Hence, it is a chronic agent).

Afflicted means ‘affect adversely with pain and illness’.

‘Afflicted with’ is used when the disease is stays for long period of time.

For example : He was afflicted with asthma, and his retirement was relieved only by the society of a few chosen friends.

Afflicted by’ is used when the disease or illness stays for a shorter period of time.

For example : Syria was afflicted by a serious famine.



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What’s an eponym?

You know lots of eponyms—words based on or derived from a person’s name. They include many commonly used words in a wide range of categories—from fashion, to food, music, and science.

But, who are the people who donated their names to the English language? And, is it always an honor? Many folks are recognized for their creativity, inventions, and style, but others are remembered for their bad characters or behaviors. Let’s look at some famous—and infamous—men and women who became eponyms.