Communication Skills

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When can we use ‘afflicted with’ and ‘afflicted by’ in a sentence?

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Both the expressions are used interchangeably.
However, “by” is used when the agent is temporary while “with” is used to denote a chronic agent.

For example, Mona skipped class today as she is afflicted by the flu.
(Flu is a temporary agent).

The beggar is afflicted with leprosy.
(Though leprosy is curable but the treatment takes a lot of time. Hence, it is a chronic agent).

Afflicted means ‘affect adversely with pain and illness’.

‘Afflicted with’ is used when the disease is stays for long period of time.

For example : He was afflicted with asthma, and his retirement was relieved only by the society of a few chosen friends.

Afflicted by’ is used when the disease or illness stays for a shorter period of time.

For example : Syria was afflicted by a serious famine.

https://www.quora.com/When-can-we-use-afflicted-with-and-afflicted-by-in-a-sentence

 

 

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